All parameters

Please see the talk page for examples and a guide to using it.

Use the bookmarklet to add it easily.

{{Infobox lake
| lake_name         = {{SUBST:PAGENAME}}
| image_lake        = 
| caption_lake      = 
| image_bathymetry  = 
| caption_bathymetry= 
| location          = 
| coords            = {{coord|89|59|59|N|179|59|59|W|region:XX-YY_type:waterbody|display=inline,title}}
| type              = 
| inflow            = 
| outflow           = 
| catchment         = 
| basin_countries   = 
| date-built        = {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} <!-- For man-made and other recent lakes -->
| date-flooded      = {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} <!-- For man-made and other recent lakes -->
| length            = 
| width             = 
| area              = 
| depth             = 
| max-depth         = 
| volume            = 
| residence_time    = 
| shore             = 
| elevation         = 
| frozen            = 
| islands           = 
| cities            = 
| reference         =

Please, See also:

  • {{Coord}} for documentation on the Coord template options and parameters; Including: "region:XX-YY";
    • When country but not state or province are known, then code as region:XX
      • Where:
        • "XX" should be replaced with the appropriate ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, and
        • "YY" with the corresponding ISO 3166-2 administrative subdivision code (typically a state or province abbreviation within the country)
      • CAUTION: When "region:XX-YY" is not properly coded or supplied, then Wiki ToolServer map queries perform a database lookup for an unknown region:, which can time-out and display a "Fastcgi Protocol Error" message instead of the geohack/GeoTemplate map services page. See {{coord}} for more information.
  • {{Start date}} for date formats
  • Articles using the infobox, articles without infobox


Infobox lake/doc
Bathymetry caption text
ที่ตั้งlocation text
พิกัดcoordinates in {{coord}} template format
ชนิดtype of lake text
แหล่งน้ำไหลเข้าหลักinflow river text
แหล่งน้ำไหลออกoutflow river text
พื้นที่รับน้ำcatchment area text
ประเทศในลุ่มน้ำcountry text
สร้างเมื่อdate built (for reservoirs; use {{Start date}})
วันเติมน้ำdate first flooded (for reservoirs; use {{Start date}})
ช่วงยาวที่สุดlength text
ช่วงกว้างที่สุดwidth text
พื้นที่พื้นน้ำarea text
ความลึกโดยเฉลี่ยdepth text
ความลึกสูงสุดmax depth text
ปริมาณน้ำvolume text
เวลาพักน้ำresidence time of lake water
ความยาวชายฝั่ง1length of the shoreline
ความสูงของพื้นที่elevation text
แข็งตัวfrozen text
เกาะislands text
เมืองsettlement text
อ้างอิงreference text
1 ความยาวแนวชายฝั่งไม่ได้ถูกวัดอย่างละเอียด
If the local name is added, use <br> from the English name. Avoid using templates, bolding or italics in this field.
characteristic_image.png Please avoid sunset pictures or maps (For maps, use image_bathymetry).
If missing, the article is added to Category:Wikipedia infobox lake articles without image
see also: Wikipedia:WikiProject Lakes/Galleries
Text about the image; avoid repeating the name of the lake, it's already in the first field of the infobox.
bathymetry_image.png (or other image, avoid maps showing only the location of the lake)
Text about the bathymetry (or other) image
Text about the lake's location. Note the town/state/region the lake is located in. Names are listed in wikified form, without flags.
Add the country only if the lake is located in several countries or if there are several basin countries, but only one country the lake is located in.
Latitude and Longitude coordinates of the lake. It is common to use the approximate center of the lake, or simply any notable portion of the lake for the coordinates. Coordinates are generally displayed in the infobox and on the top corner of the articles. For more, see WP:GEO and WP:Obtaining geographic coordinates
Sample coordinates: {{coord|47|01|10|N|8|24|04|E|type:waterbody_region:CH|display=inline,title}}
Coordinates-"Type:" for lakes is "waterbody".
If missing, the article is placed in Category:Wikipedia infobox lake articles without coordinates
type of lake. If it's a reservoir, add "[[reservoir]]".
For typologies, see Wikipedia_talk:WikiProject_Lakes#Lake_types and Lake#Types_of_lakes
Samples values with wikimarkup (only one or a few may apply): [[periglacial]], [[subglacial lake|subglacial]], [[artificial lake|artificial]] [[reservoir (water)|reservoir]], [[endorheic]], [[meromictic]], [[oxbow lake|oxbow]], [[rift lake]], [[underground lake|underground]], [[crater lake]], [[intermittent lake|intermittent]], [[:Category:Former lakes|former lake]], [[:Category:Shrunken lakes|shrunken lake]]; [[oligotrophic]], [[mesotropic]], [[eutrophic lake|eutrophic]], [[hypertrophic]]
major inflow sources - rivers, aquifers, glacial runoff, etc.
Use italics for any terms that are not place names, e.g. none
outflow waterway names.
If evaporation or seepage are notable outflows, they may be included.
Use italics for any terms that are not place names, e.g. evaporation
the area of catchment (in square kilometres) which includes the entire area of the drainage basin for that lake. This may include rivers and other lakes. If this can be accompanied with a map or drawing, include it with the article.
Sample value, wikified: [[1 E9 m |2124 km ]]
which countries have drainage to/from or border the lake. To conform a standard, this should include all countries that are directly involved with the lake's ecology; this would include inflows, outflows, or physically contact the lake.
Countries are listed in unwikified form, without flags. For Antarctica, use "(Antarctica)".
date construction the lake/ reservoir started, if man-made.
date the lake/ reservoir was first flooded, if man-made or otherwise recent.
maximum length of the lake in km; the length of the lake at its longest dimension.
maximum width of the lake in km; perpendicular to the angle used to calculate length.
total area of the lake's surface in square kilometres; if this value varies drastically (due to evaporation or changes in flow), attempt to find a documented average value.
Sample conversion for imperial units: {{convert|1234|acre|abbr=on|lk=on}} this renders as: 1,234 เอเคอร์ (499 ha)
Average depth of the lake in metres
Sample conversion for imperial units: {{convert|123|ft|abbr=on|lk=on}} this renders as: 123 ft (37 m)
Maximum depth of the lake in metres.
total volume of the lake (cubic metres or cubic kilometres)
Sample value: [[1 E10 m³ |11.8 km³]]
To convert acre-feet, use {{convert|1234567|acre.ft|abbr=on|lk=on}} this renders as 1,234,567 acre·ft (1.522816×109 m3)
residence time of the lake water or lake retention time (generally in years). This is the mean time water spends in the lake.
length of the shoreline in kilometres; this should not include values for waterways directly connected to the lake, and should reflect the shore at average surface area.
elevation above sea-level in meters; again, if this value varies due to variable inflow or outflow, attempt to use a documented average value. If at all possible, state the date at which the elevation was measured.
total number of islands in the lake; it is common practice to also include the names of any notable islands in the lake.
if there is a specific category for articles about islands in the lake, it can be added in this field (e.g. Islands of the Caspian Sea). "Islands" in the infobox then links to this category instead of Category:Islands in lakes.
notable cities or settlements on or near the lakeshore.
Information about lake freezing: e.g. usual freezing date, months the lake is frozen, last years the lake was frozen, never, etc.
references for some or all of the values. Rather than including full references in any of the previous fields, <ref name="multiple"> and </ref> should be used in this field and cross-referenced in the other fields with <ref name="multiple"/>. See Help:Footnotes on how to use the tags.
"align=left" allows to align the infobox left (default is right). This avoids collision with another infobox.

Imperial units should be converted to metric units, preferably using {{convert}}, e.g. {{convert|1234|acre|abbr=on|lk=on}} this renders as 1,234 เอเคอร์ (499 ha)

Maintenance categoriesแก้ไข

The infobox has several maintenance categories connected to it:

The categories are hidden, i.e. the aren't visible in the standard display of the articles (see WP:Hidden_categories).


button to indicate the presence of a Geo microformat

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the place-name and location parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue article across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to an address book. Within the hCard is a Geo microformat, which additionally makes the coordinates (latitude & longitude) parsable, so that they can be, say, looked up on a map, or downloaded to a GPS unit. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • "adr"
  • "county-name"
  • "fn"
  • "label"
  • "locality"
  • "nickname"
  • "note"
  • "org"
  • "vcard"

Geo is produced by calling {{coord}}, and uses HTML classes hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • "geo"
  • "latitude"
  • "longitude"

Please do not rename or remove these classes.

See alsoแก้ไข