ผู้ใช้:ร้อยตรี โชคดี/กองพลทหารราบที่ 9

9th Infantry Division
Thaiinfantry9.gif
Unit insignia
ประเทศ Thailand
รูปแบบ Light infantry
บทบาท Light infantry
Conventional warfare
Jungle warfare
กำลังรบ Light infantry Division
กองบัญชาการ Fort Surasi, Kanchanaburi, Thailand
สมญา Black Panthers Division
(กองพลเสือดำ)
สัญลักษณ์
นำโชค
Black panther
ปฏิบัติการ
สำคัญ
* Cold War
อิสริยาภรณ์ Presidential Unit Citation
Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation
ผู้บังคับบัญชา
จอมทัพ Udomdej Sitabutr

The 9th Infantry Divistion (ไทย: กองพลทหารราบที่ 9) (พล.ร.๙.) also known as Black Panthers Division (ไทย: กองพลเสือดำ) is an infantry division of the Royal Thai Army, it is currently a part of the First Army Area The unit is composed of the 9th Infantry Regiment, 19th Infantry Regiment and 29th Infantry Regiment.

Seal of Royal Thai Army Expeditionary Division
Queen's Cobras M79 grenadier in Phúc Thọ in 1967
The Thai Queen's Cobra battalion in Phuoc Tho
Members of Black Panther Division, loaded onto 2 1/2 ton trucks, roll through the gate of the US Army Terminal at Newport Docks enroute to Bearcat, 22 July 1968
Thai soldiers wash in a small pool during a break in operations, Nhon Trac, 19 October 1967
Military Police stop traffic to allow the 2 1/2 ton trucks carrying members of the Black Panthers Division to leave Newport Docks, enroute to Bearcat, 22 July 1968

Historyแก้ไข

After World War II ended in 1945, Vietnam announced that it would fight France for the liberation of Vietnam. The French colonies had to fight for 8 years until France accepted defeat and signed the Geneva Convention 1954 in Geneva. As a result, Vietnam was divided into two parts the North Vietnam and South Vietnam with the 17th parallel as the boundary between the two Vietnams. Under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, who sought to reunite Vietnam, the North supported the Viet Cong as it harassed and infiltrated South Vietnam. The US government sent troops to assist the South Vietnamese military in alliance with Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, South Korea and Thailand with Spain sending a medical unit. At the beginning of the Vietnam war the Thai government approved the principle of sending military assistance to the Government of the Republic of Vietnam. A task force was set up, called the Royal Thai Volunteer Regiment, whose mission was to fight and carry out civic action programs to assist South Vietnam. Combat operations in Vietnam had the nickname "Cobra". Preparations went forward for rotating volunteer regiments, under a Royal Thai Army Expeditionary Division.

On 9 June 1971, the Royal Thai Army issued an order setting up at Lat Ya, Muang district, Kanchanaburi province a new division composed of the volunteers who fought in Vietnam called the 9th Infantry Division, the reason being the twenty-four anniversary of the coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibol on 21 June 1974, the army has established the 9th Infantry Division also known as "Fort Kanchanaburi" or "Fort Surasi" in nowaday.

Vietnam War (1967-1972)แก้ไข

see Thailand in the Vietnam War

The Kingdom of Thailand, under the administration of military dictator Field Marshall Thanom Kittikachorn took an active role in the Vietnam War. Thailand was the third-largest provider of ground forces to South Vietnam, following the Americans and South Koreans.[1]

Due to its proximity to Thailand, Vietnam's conflicts were closely monitored by Bangkok. Thai involvement did not become official until the total involvement of the United States in support of South Vietnam in 1963. The Thai government then allowed the United States Air Force in Thailand to use its air and naval bases. At the height of the war, almost 50,000 American military personnel were stationed in Thailand, mainly airmen.[2]

In October 1967 the Royal Thai Volunteer Regiment (Queen's Cobras) was sent to Camp Bearcat at Bien Hoa, to fight alongside the Americans, Australians, New Zealanders and South Vietnamese. In 1968 the Cobras were replaced by the Royal Thai Army Expeditionary Division ("Black Panthers").[3] About 40,000 Thai military would serve in South Vietnam, with 351 killed in action and 1,358 wounded.[2][4][5] The last Thai ground forces were withdrawn from South Vietnam on 5 February 1972.[1]

East Timor (1999–2002)แก้ไข

After the East Timor crisis, Thailand, with 28 other nations, provided troops for the International Force for East Timor or INTERFET. Thailand also provided the force commander, Lieutenant General Winai Phattiyakul.[6] The force was based in Dili and lasted from 25 October 1999 to 20 May 2002.

Iraq War (2003–2004)แก้ไข

After the successful US invasion of Iraq, Thailand contributed 423 non-combat troops in August 2003 to nation building and medical assistance in post-Saddam Iraq.[7] Troops of the Royal Thai Army were attacked in the 2003 Karbala bombings, which killed two soldiers and wounded five others.[8] However, the Thai mission in Iraq was considered an overall success, and Thailand withdrew its forces in August 2004. The mission is considered the main reason the United States decided to designate Thailand as a major non-NATO ally in 2003.[9]

Operation Deploymentsแก้ไข

Organizationแก้ไข

9th Infantry Division Headquartersแก้ไข

  • 9th Infantry Division
    • 9th Infantry Regiment
      • 1st Infantry Battalion
      • 2nd Infantry Battalion
      • 3rd Infantry Battalion
    • 19th Infantry Regiment
      • 1st Infantry Battalion
      • 2nd Infantry Battalion
      • 3rd Infantry Battalion
    • 29th Infantry Regiment
      • 1st Infantry Battalion
      • 2nd Infantry Battalion
      • 3rd Infantry Battalion
    • 9th Field Artillery Regiment
      • 9th Field Artillery Battalion
      • 19th Field Artillery Battalion
      • 109th Field Artillery Battalion
    • 9th Service Support Regiment
      • Transportation Battalion
      • Logistic Battalion
      • Medical Battalion
    • 19th Cavalry Squadron
    • 9th Combat Engineer Battalion
    • 9th Signal Corp Battalion
    • 9th Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols Company
    • Military Police Company
    • 9th Aviation Company
    • 14th Ranger Forces Regiment
    • 17th Military Circle
    • Fort Surasi Hospital
  1. 1.0 1.1 Albert Lau (2012). Southeast Asia and the Cold War. Routledge. pp. 190–. ISBN 978-0-415-68450-7.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ruth, Richard A (7 November 2017). "Why Thailand Takes Pride in the Vietnam War" (Editorial). New York Times. สืบค้นเมื่อ 8 November 2017.
  3. James F. Dunnigan; Albert A. Nofi (5 May 2000). Dirty Little Secrets of the Vietnam War: Military Information You're Not Supposed to Know. St. Martin's Press. pp. 314–. ISBN 978-0-312-25282-3.
  4. Trauschweizer, Ingo (December 2011). "Forgotten Soldiers in Vietnam" (Book review). H-Net Online. สืบค้นเมื่อ 8 November 2017.
  5. "Thailand Involvement in Vietnam War". The Vietnam War. 29 March 2015. คลังข้อมูลเก่า เก็บจาก แหล่งเดิม เมื่อ 10 December 2017. สืบค้นเมื่อ 10 December 2017.
  6. UNTAET. Un.org. Retrieved on 18 January 2012.
  7. Thailand to withdraw troops from Iraq if attacked. Asian Tribune (21 April 2004).
  8. Karbala attacks kill 12, wound dozens. CNN (27 December 2003). Retrieved on 2012-01-18.
  9. Thailand. centcom.mil