ผลต่างระหว่างรุ่นของ "ประธานาธิบดีตุรกี"

เก็บกวาดบทความด้วยบอต
(เก็บกวาดบทความด้วยบอต)
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'''ประธานาธิบดีแห่งสาธารณรัฐตุรกี''' ({{lang-en|President of the Republic of Turkey}},{{lang-tr|Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı}}) ถือเป็นประมุขแห่งรัฐ ทำหน้าที่สร้างความความเป็นเอกภาพของชาติ มีการดำเนินงานภายใต้รัฐธรรมนูญแห่งสาธารณรัฐตุรกี (Constitution of Turkey) และมีการจัดความเป็นระเบียบภายในรัฐ นับตั้งแต่มาตรา 101 ถึง 106 ของรัฐธรรมนูญได้ระบุถึงหน้าที่ที่รับผิดชอบของประธานาธิบดี ซึ่งประเทศตุรกีมีประธานาธิบดีมาแล้ว 12 คน (พ.ศ. 2560) โดยแต่ละคนมีวาระการดำรงตำแหน่งคนละ 5 ปี ซึ่งประธานาธิบดีคนปัจจุบัน คือ [[เรเจป ไตยิป แอร์โดอัน]] (Recep Tayyip Erdogan) โดยดำรงตำแหน่งตั้งแต่วันที่ [[28 สิงหาคม]] [[พ.ศ. 2557]] จนถึงปัจจุบัน
 
== ประธานาธิบดี ==
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! rowspan=4 style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| 1
| rowspan=4|[[มุสตาฟา เคมาล อตาเติร์ก]]<br />{{small|(1881–[[Death and state funeral of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk|1938]])}} || rowspan=4|[[Fileไฟล์:Ataturk1930s.jpg|90px]] || 29 October 1923 || 1 November 1927 || rowspan=4|[[Republican People's Party (Turkey)|Republican People's Party]] || 1 || 1923
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| 1 November 1927 || 4 May 1931 || 2 || 1927
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| —
| style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[AbdülhalikAbdülhalik Renda]]<br />{{small|(1881–19571881–1957)}} || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Fileไฟล์:TBMM BaşkanıBaşkanı AbdülhalikAbdülhalik Renda.jpg|90px90px]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;" | 10 November 1938 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| 11 November 1938 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Republican People's Party (Turkey)|Republican People's Party]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| — || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| —
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! rowspan=4 style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| 2
| rowspan=4|[[อิสเมท อินือร์เนอร์]]<br />{{small|(1884–1973)}} || rowspan=4|[[Fileไฟล์:Inonu Ismet.jpg|90px]] || 11 November 1938 || 3 April 1939 || rowspan=4|[[Republican People's Party (Turkey)|Republican People's Party]] || 5 || 1938
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| 3 April 1939 || 8 March 1943 || 6 || 1939
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! rowspan=3 style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| 3
| rowspan=3|[[CelâlCelâl Bayar]]<br />{{small|(1883–19861883–1986)}} || rowspan=3|[[Fileไฟล์:Celal Bayar (cropped).jpg|90px90px]] || 22 May 1950 || 14 May 1954 || rowspan=3|[[Democrat Party (Turkey, historical)|Democrat Party]] || 9 || 1950
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| 14 May 1954 || 1 November 1957 || 10 || 1954
| 1 November 1957 || 27 May 1960<ref>Deposed in the [[1960 Turkish coup d'état]].</ref> || 11 || 1957
|--style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}"
| rowspan="2" | '''4''' || {{nowrap|'''National Unity Committee'''}}<br />{{nowrap|{{small|Chairman: General [[Cemal GürselGürsel]]}}}} ||colspan=1|[[Fileไฟล์:Cemal GürselGürsel (1).jpg|90px90px]]|| colspan="1" |27 May 1960||colspan=1|10 October 1961||colspan=1|[[Turkish Armed Forces|Military]]||colspan=2| —
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| [[Cemal GürselGürsel]]<br />{{small|(1895–19661895–1966)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Cemal GürselGürsel (1).jpg|90px90px]] || 10 October 1961 || 2 February 1966<ref>Removed from office due to ill health.</ref> || [[Independent (politician)|Independent]] || 12 || 1961
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:black;"| —
| style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[:tr:İbrahimİbrahim ŞevkiŞevki Atasagun|İbrahimİbrahim ŞevkiŞevki Atasagun]]<br />{{small|(1899–19841899–1984)}} || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Fileไฟล์:No image.png|90px90px]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;" | 2 February 1966 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| 28 March 1966 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Independent (politician)|Independent]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| — || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| —
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:black;"| 5
| [[Cevdet Sunay]]<br />{{small|(1899–19821899–1982)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Cevdet Sunay.png|90px90px]] || 28 March 1966 || 28 March 1973 || [[Independent (politician)|Independent]] || 13 || 1966
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| —
| style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Tekin ArıburunArıburun]]<br />{{small|(1903–19931903–1993)}} || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Fileไฟล์:No image.png|90px90px]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;" | 28 March 1973 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| 6 April 1973 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Justice Party (Turkey)|Justice Party]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| — || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| —
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:black;"| 6
| [[Fahri KorutürkKorutürk]]<br />{{small|(1903–19871903–1987)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Fahri koruturk.jpg|90px90px]] || 6 April 1973 || 6 April 1980 || [[Independent (politician)|Independent]] || 14 || [[Turkish presidential election, 1973|1973]]
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| —
| style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[İhsanİhsan Sabri ÇağlayangilÇağlayangil]]<br />{{small|(1908–19931908–1993)}} || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Fileไฟล์:Ihsan Sabri Caglayangil (1968).jpg|90px90px]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;" | 6 April 1980 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| 12 September 1980<ref>Deposed in the [[1980 Turkish coup d'étatétat]].</ref> || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Justice Party (Turkey)|Justice Party]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| — || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| —
|--style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}"
| rowspan="2" | '''7''' || {{nowrap|'''[[National Security Council (Turkey)|National Security Council]]'''}}<br />{{nowrap|{{small|Chairman: General [[Kenan Evren]]}}}} ||colspan=1|[[Fileไฟล์:No image.png|90px90px]]|| colspan="1" |12 September 1980||colspan=1|9 November 1982||colspan=1|[[Turkish Armed Forces|Military]] ||colspan=2| —
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| [[Kenan Evren]]<br />{{small|(1917–20151917–2015)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:No image.png|90px90px]] || 9 November 1982 || 9 November 1989 || [[Independent (politician)|Independent]] || 15 || [[Turkish constitutional referendum, 1982|1982]]
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:black;"| 8
| [[Turgut ÖzalÖzal]]<br />{{small|(1927–19931927–1993)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Turgut ÖzalÖzal cropped.jpg|90px90px]] || 9 November 1989 || 17 April 1993<ref name="death" /> || [[Motherland Party (Turkey)|Motherland Party]] || 16 || [[Turkish presidential election, 1989|1989]]
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| —
| style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[HüsamettinHüsamettin Cindoruk]]<br />{{small|(1933–)}} || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Fileไฟล์:HüsamettinHüsamettin cindoruk.jpg|90px90px]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;" | 17 April 1993 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| 16 May 1993 || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| [[Democratic Party (Turkey, current)|True Path Party]] || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| — || style="background:#e6e6aae6e6aa;"| —
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| 9
| [[SüleymanSüleyman Demirel]]<br />{{small|(1924–20151924–2015)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg|90px90px]] || 16 May 1993 || 16 May 2000 || [[Democratic Party (Turkey, current)|True Path Party]] || 17 || [[Turkish presidential election, 1993|1993]]
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:black;"| 10
| [[Ahmet Necdet Sezer]]<br />{{small|(1941–)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Ahmet Necdet Sezer 2006.jpg|90px90px]] || 16 May 2000 || 28 August 2007 || [[Independent (politician)|Independent]] || 18 || [[Turkish presidential election, 2000|2000]]
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| 11
| [[อับดุลลาห์ จึล]]<br />{{small|(1949–)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Abdullah Gül (cropped version).jpg|90px]] || 28 August 2007 || 28 August 2014 || [[Justice and Development Party (Turkey)|Justice and Development Party]] || 19 || [[Turkish presidential election, 2007|2007]]
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! style="background:{{Independent (politician)/meta/color}}; color:white;"| 12
| [[เรเจป ไตยิป แอร์โดอัน]]<br />{{small|(1954–)}} || [[Fileไฟล์:Recep Tayyip Erdogan 2017.jpg|90px]] || 28 August 2014 || Incumbent || [[Justice and Development Party (Turkey)|Justice and Development Party]] || 20 || [[Turkish presidential election, 2014|2014]]
|}
 
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