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Usageแก้ไข

This template can be used to add an infobox for a phonetic sound.

This infobox can be used to describe a phonetic sound, both by its name and its IPA symbol. Additional information can be added, like the X-SAMPA letters and a graphic image file.

In general, the descriptive name corresponds with the article name. The infobox is then placed on that article page.

Parametersแก้ไข

Basic parametersแก้ไข

Only a few parameters are required to produce a useful infobox. The above header can be set, and up to four IPA symbols can be shown:

For common IPA symbols, the IPA number defines the article name and the default soundfile name. Decimals are decimal character references, also known as "Entity", to define the symbol in HTML. The template tries to find all known information with these two numbers.

Voiced alveolar lateral fricative
ɮ
หมายเลขไอพีเอ149
การเข้ารหัส
เอนทิตี (ฐาน 10)ɮ
ยูนิโคด (ฐาน 16)U+026E
ตัวอย่างเสียง

 
{{Infobox IPA
| ipa number  = 149
| decimal1    = 622
}}

Some more basic parameters:

Voiced velar plosive
ɡ
หมายเลขไอพีเอ110
การเข้ารหัส
เอนทิตี (ฐาน 10)ɡ
ยูนิโคด (ฐาน 16)U+0261
เอกซ์-แซมปาg
เคอร์เชินบอมg
ตัวอย่างเสียง

 
{{Infobox IPA
| above = Voiced velar plosive
| ipa-number=110
| decimal=609
| ipa-image=Xsampa-g.png
| x-sampa=g
| kirshenbaum=g
}}

Full parameter listแก้ไข

{{infobox IPA
| above        =
| ipa symbol   =
| ipa symbol2  =
| ipa symbol3  =
| ipa symbol4  =

| imagefile    =
| imagecaption =
| imagesize    =

| ipa number   =
| ipa link     =
| decimal1     =
| decimal2     =
| decimal3     =
| decimal4     =
| note1 label  =
| note1        =

| unicode      =
| x-sampa      =
| kirshenbaum  =
| note2 label  =
| note2        =

| soundfile    =

| showbelow    =
}}
Decimal numbers

Up to four decimal values can be entered, to compose the symbol:

Voiceless palatal lateral fricative
ʎ̥˔
หมายเลขไอพีเอ157 402A 429
การเข้ารหัส
เอนทิตี (ฐาน 10)ʎ​̥​˔
ยูนิโคด (ฐาน 16)U+028E U+0325 U+02D4
ตัวอย่างเสียง

 
| ipa symbol = ʎ̥˔
| ipa number = 157 402A 429
| decimal1   = 654
| decimal2   = 805
| decimal3   = 724
| decimal4   =

Multiple symbolsแก้ไข

Up to eight symbols can be shown in big font.

Downstep and upstep
ꜛ◌
ꜜ◌

 
| above = Downstep and upstep
| ipa symbol  =ꜛ◌
| ipa symbol2 =ꜜ◌
| ipa symbol3 =
...
| ipa symbol8 =

Imageแก้ไข

Adding an image of the symbol:

Voiceless palatal lateral fricative
ʎ̥˔
ตัวอย่างเสียง

 
{{infobox IPA
| ipa symbol = ʎ̥˔
| imagefile    = Lateral fricatives.svg
| imagecaption = image example
| imagesize    = 50px
}}

More input optionsแก้ไข

Open front unrounded vowel
a
Extra note 1This is my first note
การเข้ารหัส
ยูนิโคด (ฐาน 16)U+9999
เอกซ์-แซมปาX-S
เคอร์เชินบอมK
Extra note 2Anothernote by me here
ตัวอย่างเสียง
| ipa symbol   =a
| note1 label  =Extra note 1
| note1        =This is my first note

| unicode      =U+9999
| x-sampa      =X-S
| kirshenbaum  =K
| note2 label  =Extra note 2
| note2        =Another note by me here

| showbelow    = no

Soundfileแก้ไข

The template tries to determine the default soundfile name by using the sound name (as determined by the IPA number, or IPA symbol):

  • {{IPAsym|m}} → bilabial nasal.ogg
  • If this fails, the file name can be entered.

When the file exists, the soundbox is shown. Otherwise, no soundbox is shown at all.

abc
Example non default soundfile
ตัวอย่างเสียง

 
| ipa symbol = abc
| note2      = Example non default soundfile
| soundfile  = Accordion registers.ogg

Note

See {{IPA audio filename}} and {{IPA soundbox}} for more information on phonetic soundfiles.

Deprecated parametersแก้ไข

The next parameters are deprecated. They can still be used, and may be present in articles.

Old parameters are treated as input for new ones, e.g. input ipa-image=... is read as input for imagefile=....

old parameter goes into new parameter:<br>
ipa-number    => ipa number
ipa-text      => ipa symbol
ipa-image     => imagefile
decimal       => decimal1
xsampa        => x-sampa
sound         => soundfile

Priorities in parametersแก้ไข

The template tries to get as much information as possible from the input. Overwriting:

| above        = (overwrites ipa symbol name (IPAsym) in header)
| ipa symbol   = (overwrites big symbol that was created by the decimal numbers)
| unicode      = (overwrites Unicode numbers that were determinated by the decimal numbers)
| soundfile    = (overwrites any default soundfile name that was derived by the IPA symbol name or number)

See alsoแก้ไข