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[[Category:Millipedes]]
[[Category:Arthropod subclasses]]
 
{{Short description|Order of millipedes}}
{{distinguish|Polyxenida|Pentazonia}}
{{Taxobox
| name = Polyzoniida
| image = Octoglena bivirgata Santa Cruz county.jpg
| image_caption = ''[[Octoglena bivirgata]]'' from the western United States
| regnum = [[Animal]]ia
| phylum = [[Arthropod]]a
| subphylum = [[Myriapoda]]
| classis = [[Millipede|Diplopoda]]
| subclassis = [[Chilognatha]]
| infraclassis=[[Helminthomorpha]]
| ordo = '''Polyzoniida'''
| ordo_authority = [[Orator F. Cook|Cook]], 1895
|subdivision_ranks = Families
|subdivision =
*[[Hirudisomatidae]]
*[[Polyzoniidae]]
*[[Siphonotidae]]
|synonyms=Ommatophora <small>Brandt, 1840</small><br>
Orthozonia <small>Verhoeff, 1840</small>
}}
__NOTOC__
'''Polyzoniida''' is an order of [[millipede]]s in the subclass [[Colobognatha]] containing three families and at least 74 described species.<ref name=Shear2011>{{cite book|last=Shear|first=W.|chapter=Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844 |title=Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness|year=2011|journal=[[Zootaxa]]|volume=3148 |isbn=978-1-86977-850-7|pages=159–164|chapter-url=http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/f/zt03148p164.pdf|editor=Zhang, Z.-Q.}}</ref>
 
==ลักษณะ==
[[File:Bdellozonium cerviculatum - Cook & Loomis 1928.jpg|thumb|left|180px|Male ''Bdellozonium cerviculatum'' from the western United States viewed from below and above]]
Polyzoniidans have a somewhat domed dorsal surface with a flat ventral side. Their heads are small and cone-like, with few [[ocelli]]. They lack a dorsal groove and [[paranota]] (lateral extensions of each segment).<ref>{{cite web|title=Diagnostic features of Millipede Orders|url=http://fieldmuseum.org/sites/default/files/Identification_Table_1.pdf|work=Milli-PEET Identification Tables|publisher=The Field Museum, Chicago|accessdate=25 October 2013}}</ref>
 
==การจัดจำแนก==
The order Polyzoniida contains three families:<ref name=Shear2011/><br/>
:[[Hirudisomatidae]] <small>Silvestri, 1896</small> (6 genera, 20 species)
:[[Polyzoniidae]] <small>Newport, 1844</small> (6 genera, 22 species)
:[[Siphonotidae]] <small>Cook, 1895</small> (12 genera, 32 species)
 
==การกระจายตัว==
The family Hirudisomatidae occurs from Spain to the [[Himalayas]] in Eurasia, Japan, and in North America from southwest Canada to central Mexico.<br/> Polyzoniidae has a holoractic (northern hemisphere) distribution, occurring in the [[Northwestern United States|northwest]] and [[Northeastern United States|northeast]] United States, eastern Canada, and in Europe from the United Kingdom and France to [[Siberia]].<br/>
Siphonotidae has a southern distribution, occurring in Brazil and Chile, South Africa, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Tasmania, and New Zealand.<ref>{{cite web|title=Geographic distribution of Millipede Families|url=http://fieldmuseum.org/sites/default/files/Identification_Table_3.pdf|work=Milli-PEET Identification Tables|publisher=The Field Museum, Chicago|accessdate=25 October 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Mesibov|first=Robert|title=Millipede species: Polyzoniida|url=http://www.polydesmida.info/tasmanianmultipedes/milli-poz.html|work=Tasmanian Multipedes|accessdate=14 November 2013}}</ref>
 
== อ้างอิง ==
{{รายการอ้างอิง}}
 
==แหล่งข้อมูลอื่น==
*{{commons category-inline}}
*{{Wikispecies-inline}}
*{{EOL}}
*[http://www.polydesmida.info/tasmanianmultipedes/milli-poz.html Polyzoniida ที่พบในแทสแมเนีย]
 
{{กิ้งกือ}}
{{Taxonbar|from=Q6453302}}
 
[[หมวดหมู่:Polyzoniida| ]]
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