ผลต่างระหว่างรุ่นของ "อาหรับ"

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ป้ายกำกับ: แก้ไขจากอุปกรณ์เคลื่อนที่ แก้ไขจากเว็บสำหรับอุปกรณ์เคลื่อนที่
ป้ายกำกับ: เครื่องมือแก้ไขต้นฉบับปี 2560
{{ใช้ปีคศ|width=280px}}
{{Infobox ethnic group
| group = ชาวอาหรับ<br/>!-- <small>{{lang|ar|"العرب"}}</small>[[WP:NOETHNICGALLERIES <br/> <small>"Al-ʿArab"</small->
| native_name = {{lang|ar|عَرَبٌ}}
|image = {{Image array
| native_name_lang = ar<!-- ethnolinguistic/ethnic group [[Talk:Arabs#Proposal|under discussion]] -->
|perrow = 5
| population = {{Circa|400 ล้าน<ref name="Kamel2017">{{cite book|author=Lorenzo Kamel|title=The Frailty of Authority: Borders, Non-State Actors and Power Vacuums in a Changing Middle East|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=pB8lDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA25|date=31 March 2017|publisher=Edizioni Nuova Cultura|isbn=978-88-6812-828-9|page=25}}</ref><ref name="Ellis2018">{{cite book|author=Kail C. Ellis|title=Secular Nationalism and Citizenship in Muslim Countries: Arab Christians in the Levant|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=e7RGDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA159|date=12 January 2018|publisher=Springer|isbn=978-3-319-71204-8|page=159}}</ref> ถึงมากกว่า 420 ล้าน<ref name="Nydell2018">{{cite book|author=Margaret K. Nydell|title=Understanding Arabs: A Guide for Modern Times|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Wn9ODwAAQBAJ&pg=PP11|date=26 July 2018|publisher=John Murray Press|isbn=978-1-4736-9091-2|page=11}}</ref><ref name="Caplan2019">{{cite book|author=Neil Caplan|title=The Israel-Palestine Conflict: Contested Histories|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=DM-mDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA23|date=4 September 2019|publisher=John Wiley & Sons|isbn=978-1-119-52387-1|page=23}}</ref>}}
| image1 =|caption1 = [[อัล มุตะนับบี]]
[[File:Arab people around the world.svg|center|frameless|260x260px]]
| image2 = Al-kindi.jpeg|caption2 = [[อัล กินดี]]
| popplace = {{flag|Arab League}}
| image3 =|caption3= [[อิบน์ ค็อลดูน]]
| pop1 = 430,000,000<ref>total population 450 million, [[CIA Factbook]] estimates an Arab population of 450 million, see article text.</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=World Arabic Language Day {{!}} United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization|url=http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/events/prizes-and-celebrations/celebrations/international-days/world-arabic-language-day/|website=Unesco.org|accessdate=18 December 2017}}</ref>
| image4 = BlackSheba-Text.jpg|caption4 = [[พระราชินีแห่งชีบา|พระราชินีแห่งชีบา "บิลกิส"]]
<!-- -->| region2 = {{flag|Brazil}}
| image5 = Bust of emperor Philippus Arabus - Hermitage Museum.jpg|caption5 = [[จักรพรรดิฟิลิปชาวอาหรับ]]
| pop2 = ประมาณ 4–7 ล้านคนผ่านบรรพบุรุษทางสายพ่อ<ref>{{cite web|accessdate=28 April 2019|first=Marina |last=Sarruf |title=Brazil - Brasil - BRAZZIL - News from Brazil - Arabs: They are 12 Million in Brazil - Brazilian Immigration - September 2004|url=http://www.brazzil.com/2004/html/articles/sep04/p118sep04.htm|website=www.brazzil.com}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |first1=Larry |last1=Luxner |first2=Douglas |last2=Engle |title=The Arabs of Brazil|url=http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/200505/the.arabs.of.brazil.htm|date=September–October 2005 |website=Aramco World}}</ref>{{efn|The Brazilian and Lebanese governments claim 7 million Lebanese, with 4 million Syrians. A 2008 study done by [[IGBE]] covering the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paolo, Rio Grande de Sol, Mato Grosso, and Disitro Federal showed that 0.9% or 2 million white Brazilians claimed any Middle Eastern ancestry<ref>http://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv63405.pdf</ref>}}
| image6 =|caption6 = [[อิบนฺ อัล-ฮัยษัม]]
| region3 = {{flag|France}}
| image7 = Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi.jpg|caption7 = [[มูฮัมหมัด อาห์หมัด]]
| pop3 = 3.3<ref>{{cite web|accessdate=30 January 2019|title=France's crisis of national identity|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/frances-crisis-of-national-identity-1826942.html|date=25 November 2009|website=The Independent}}</ref> ถึง 5.5<ref>{{cite news|accessdate=30 January 2019|title=To count or not to count|url=https://www.economist.com/europe/2009/03/26/to-count-or-not-to-count|newspaper=The Economist|date=26 March 2009|issn=0013-0613}}</ref> ล้านคนที่มีบรรพบุรุษจาก[[มัฆริบ|แอฟริกาเหนือ]] (อาหรับหรือ[[ชนเบอร์เบอร์|เบอร์เบอร์]])<ref name="variety.com">{{cite magazine |url=https://www.variety.com/article/VR1117979837.html?categoryid=2879&cs=1 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100221202920/http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117979837.html?categoryid=2879&cs=1 |archive-date=21 February 2010 |title=French-Arabs battle stereotypes - Entertainment News, French Cinema, Media |magazine=Variety |date=29 January 2008 |accessdate=22 August 2010 |url-status=dead }}</ref>
| image8 = Sherif-Hussein.jpg|caption8 = [[ฮุซัยน์ อิบน์ อะลี ชารีฟประจำมักกะฮ์|ชารีฟ ฮุซัยน์]]
| region4 = {{flag|Indonesia}}
| image9 =|caption9 = [[อิบนิ ซาอูด]]
| pop4 = {{plainlist|
| image10 = Omar Mukhtar 13.jpg|caption10= [[โอมาร์ มุกตาร์]]
*ชาวอาหรับอินโดนีเซีย 87,227 คนในสัมมะโน ค.ศ. 2005 (ทางการ)<ref name="Suryadinata2008">{{cite book|author=Leo Suryadinata|title=Ethnic Chinese in Contemporary Indonesia|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=UFNKQcvGNSAC&pg=PA29|year=2008|publisher=Institute of Southeast Asian Studies|isbn=978-981-230-835-1|page=29}}</ref>
| image11 = Arafat keffiyeh.JPG|caption11 = [[ยัสเซอร์ อาราฟัต]]
*ประมาณ 4–5 ล้านคนที่มีบรรพบุรุษอาหรับผ่านสายพ่อ (คาดเดาอย่างไม่เป็นทางการ)<ref>{{cite news |title=The world's successful diasporas |url=http://www.worldbusinesslive.com/research/article/648273/the-worlds-successful-diasporas/ |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080401110233/http://www.worldbusinesslive.com/research/article/648273/the-worlds-successful-diasporas/ |url-status=dead |archive-date=1 April 2008 |accessdate=25 April 2019 |publisher=World Business |date=3 April 2007}}</ref>
| image12 =|caption12 = [[สมเด็จพระราชาธิบดีสุลต่านกอบูส บิน ซะอีด อัสซะอีด|กอบูส บิน ซะอีด อัสซะอีด]]
*}}
| image13 = Nawal_El_Moutawakel_(cropped).JPG|caption13 = [[Nawal El Moutawakel]]
| region5 = {{flag|Turkey}}
| image14 =|caption14 = [[Fayeq Abdul-Jaleel|Fayeq al-Ayadhi]]
| pop5 = 5,000,000<ref>{{cite web|last1=(UNHCR)|first1=United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees|title=UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response|url=http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=224|website=UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response|language=en|access-date=22 January 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180305121532/http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=224|archive-date=5 March 2018|url-status=dead}}</ref><ref name=iraqisinturkey>{{cite web|url=http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/11298|title=The Iraqi Refugee Crisis and Turkey: a Legal Outlook|year=2009|last=Kaya|first=Ibrahim|website=cadmus.eui.eu|accessdate=25 April 2017}}</ref><ref name="www.washingtoninstitute.org">{{cite web|title=The Impact of Syrian Refugees on Turkey|url=http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-impact-of-syrian-refugees-on-turkey|website=www.washingtoninstitute.org}}</ref><ref name="www.aljazeera.com">{{cite web|title=Turkey's demographic challenge|url=http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2016/02/turkey-demographic-challenge-arabs-syria-refugees-isis-160218063810080.html|website=www.aljazeera.com}}</ref><ref name="UNHCR-Turkey">{{cite web|url=http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=224|title=UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Turkey|author=|date=31 December 2015|work=[[UNHCR]]|accessdate=17 January 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180305121532/http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=224|archive-date=5 March 2018|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| image15 = Manal al-Shraif.jpg|caption15 = [[Manal al-Sharif]]
| region6 = {{flag|Argentina}}
| image16 = Queen Rania in Washington, DC.jpg|caption16 = [[สมเด็จพระราชินีรานยาแห่งจอร์แดน|รานยา อัลยัสซิน]]
| pop6 = 4,500,000 ผ่านทางบรรพบุรุษสายพ่อ<ref name="Fearab.org.ar">{{cite web|url=http://www.fearab.org.ar/inmigracion_sirio_libanesa_en_argentina.php |title=Inmigración sirio-libanesa en Argentina |language=es |publisher=Fearab.org.ar |accessdate=13 April 2010 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100620004217/http://www.fearab.org.ar/inmigracion_sirio_libanesa_en_argentina.php |archivedate=20 June 2010 }}</ref>
| image17 = കര്‍മാന്‍.jpg|caption17 = [[ตะวักกุล กัรมาน]]
| region7 = {{flag|United States}}
| image18 = Naseer Shamma en los Encuentros Averroes de Córdoba (2011).jpg||caption18 = [[Naseer Shamma]]
| pop7 = 3,700,000<ref name="aaiusa.org">{{cite web|url=http://www.aaiusa.org/demographics|title=Demographics|publisher=Arab American Institute|accessdate=18 December 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161023235625/http://www.aaiusa.org/demographics|archive-date=23 October 2016|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| image19 = Fairuz04.jpg|caption19= [[ไฟรุซ]]
| region8 = {{flag|Israel}}
| image20 = Houari Boumediène.jpg|caption20= [[Houari Boumediene]]
| pop8 = 1,700,000<ref name="arab-colpal">{{cite web|url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/hodaot2013n/11_13_097e.pdf|title=65th Independence Day – More than 8 Million Residents in the State of Israel|website=Cbs.gov.il|accessdate=18 December 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171128173944/http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/hodaot2013n/11_13_097e.pdf|archive-date=28 November 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| region9 = {{flag|Venezuela}}
| pop9 = 1,600,000<ref name="thedailybeast.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/09/15/abdel-el-zabayar-from-parliament-to-the-frontlines.html|title=Abdel el-Zabayar: From Parliament to the Frontlines|work=The Daily Beast}}</ref>
| region10 = {{flag|Colombia}}
| pop10 = 1,500,000<ref name="Las mil y una historias">{{cite web|title= Las mil y una historias|url= http://www.semana.com/especiales/articulo/las-mil-historias/68653-3|publisher= semana.com|year= 2004|language= Spanish}}There is an estimated population of 1,500,000 Arabs in Colombia.</ref>
| region11 = {{flag|Iran}}
| pop11 = 1,500,000<ref name="Iran">{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html |title=Iran |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120203093100/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html |archivedate=3 February 2012 |accessdate=3 August 2013 }}</ref>
| region12 = {{flag|Mexico}}
| pop12 = 1,500,000<ref>{{cite web|title=Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico {{!}} Al Jadid Magazine|url=http://www.aljadid.com/content/arabs-making-their-mark-latin-america-generations-immigrants-colombia-venezuela-and-mexico|website=www.aljadid.com}}</ref>
| region13 = {{flag|Chad}}
| pop13 = 1,536,000 (ประมาณ)<ref name="chad">{{cite web |url=http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cd.html |title=Chad |accessdate=3 April 2019}}</ref>
| region14 = {{flag|Spain}}
| pop14 = 1,350,000<ref name="europapress-18-millones">{{cite web|url=http://www.europapress.es/sociedad/noticia-musulmanes-espana-superan-18-millones-20150330182141.html|title=Los musulmanes en España superan los 1,8 millones|language=es|date=30 March 2015|website=www.europapress.es|accessdate=25 April 2017}}</ref><ref name="alertadigital-16-millones">{{cite web|url=http://www.alertadigital.com/2012/10/09/la-cifra-de-musulmanes-en-espana-casi-alcanza-los-16-millones-de-los-que-casi-un-tercio-viven-en-cataluna/|title=La cifra de musulmanes en España alcanza los 1,6 millones, de los que casi un tercio viven en Cataluña|language=es|date=9 October 2012|author=Redaction|website=www.alertadigital.com|accessdate=25 April 2017}}</ref>
| region15 = {{flag|Germany}}
| pop15 = 1,155,390<ref>{{cite web|url=https://de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/1221/umfrage/anzahl-der-auslaender-in-deutschland-nach-herkunftsland/|title=Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland in den Jahren 2015 und 2016|work=statista|language=German}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/Bevoelkerung/MigrationIntegration/AuslaendBevoelkerung2010200167004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile|title=Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit|work=Statistisches Bundesamt|language=German|date=20 June 2017|access-date=11 March 2018}}</ref>
| region16 = {{flag|Chile}}
| pop16 = 800,000<ref name="aurora-israel.co.il">{{in lang|es}} [http://www.aurora-israel.co.il/articulos/israel/Titulares/24782/ En Chile viven unas 700.000 personas de origen árabe y de ellas 500.000 son descendientes de emigrantes palestinos que llegaron a comienzos del siglo pasado y que constituyen la comunidad de ese origen más grande fuera del mundo árabe.] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120318054736/http://www.aurora-israel.co.il/articulos/israel/Titulares/24782/ |date=18 March 2012 }}</ref><ref name="Adnkronos.com">{{cite web |url=http://www1.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/CultureAndMedia/?id=1.0.2050534508 |title=Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome |publisher=Adnkronos.com |date=7 April 2003 |accessdate=17 September 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110919202702/http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/CultureAndMedia/?id=1.0.2050534508 |archive-date=19 September 2011 |url-status=dead }}</ref><ref name="Laventana.casa.cult.cu">{{cite web|url=http://laventana.casa.cult.cu/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=514|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090722073846/http://laventana.casa.cult.cu/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=514|archivedate=22 July 2009 |title=500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile |publisher=Laventana.casa.cult.cu |accessdate=17 September 2011}}</ref>
| region17 = {{flag|Canada}}
| pop17 = 750,925<ref name="canadianarabinstitute.org">{{cite web|title=Canadian Arab Institute :: 750,925 Canadians Hail from Arab Lands|url=http://www.canadianarabinstitute.org/publications/reports/750925-canadians-hail-arab-lands/|website=www.canadianarabinstitute.org|access-date=19 October 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170319032124/http://www.canadianarabinstitute.org/publications/reports/750925-canadians-hail-arab-lands/|archive-date=19 March 2017|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| region18 = {{flag|Italy}}
| pop18 = 680,000<ref name="ISTAT">{{cite web|last1=Dati ISTAT 2016|first1=counting only immigrants from the [[Arab world]]|title=Cittadini stranieri in Italia - 2016|url=http://www.tuttitalia.it/statistiche/cittadini-stranieri-2016/|website=tuttitalia.it}}</ref>
| region19 = {{flag|United Kingdom}}
| pop19 = 500,000<ref>{{cite web|title=The British Arab|url=http://www.naba.org.uk/CONTENT/articles/Diaspora/british_arabs.htm|publisher=National Association of British Arabs|accessdate=17 April 2012|author=Anthony McRoy|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150103180941/http://www.naba.org.uk/Content/articles/Diaspora/british_arabs.htm|archive-date=3 January 2015|url-status=dead}}</ref>
| region20 = {{flag|Australia}}
| pop20 = 500,000<ref>{{cite web|title=australianarab.org/about-us |url=http://australianarab.org/about-us |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161030002545/http://australianarab.org/about-us |archivedate=30 October 2016 }}</ref>
| region21 = {{flag|Ecuador}}
| pop21 = 250,000<ref>{{cite web|title=La emigración árabe a El Ecuador |url= http://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/ANQE/article/viewFile/ANQE9797110057A/3864|df= }}</ref>
| region22 = {{flag|Honduras}}
| pop22 = 275,000<ref>{{cite magazine |url=http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200104/the.arabs.of.honduras.htm |title=The Arabs of Honduras |magazine=Saudi Aramco World |accessdate=8 April 2014 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141009182011/http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200104/the.arabs.of.honduras.htm |archive-date=9 October 2014 |url-status=dead }}</ref><ref name="The Arabs of Honduras">{{cite web|url=http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/200104/the.arabs.of.honduras.htm |title=The Arabs of Honduras |publisher=Saudiaramcoworld.com |date=27 June 1936 |accessdate=17 September 2011}}</ref>
| region23 = {{flag|Belgium}}
| pop23 = 800,000 {{citation needed|date=April 2018}}
| region24 = {{flag|Netherlands}}
| pop24 = 480,000–613,800<ref>{{citation|url=http://www.media-citizenship.eu/images/stories/pdf/Amsterdam_national_focus_group_report.pdf |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190228151603/http://www.media-citizenship.eu/images/stories/pdf/Amsterdam_national_focus_group_report.pdf |url-status=dead |archive-date=28 February 2019 |title=Dutch media perceived as much more biased than Arabic media – Media & Citizenship Report conducted by University of Utrecht |periodical=Utrecht University |date=10 September 2010 |accessdate=29 November 2010}}</ref>
| region25 = {{flag|Sweden}}
| pop25 = 425,000{{citation needed|date=July 2017}}
| region26 = {{flag|Denmark}}
| pop26 = 121,000{{citation needed|date=April 2018}}
| region27 = {{flag|El Salvador}}
| pop27 = มากกว่า 100,000 คน<ref>{{cite web
|url=https://newsvideo.su/video/10798241|title=Why So Many Palestinians Live In El Salvador}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
|url=http://theidentitychef.com/2009/09/06/lebanese-diaspora-worldwide-geographical-distribution|title=Lebanese Diaspora Worldwide Geographical Distribution}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last1=Zielger|first1=Matthew|title=El Salvador: Central American Palestine of the West?|url=http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Culture/Art/2004/Apr-27/91857-el-salvador-central-american-palestine-of-the-west.ashx#axzz3EZpwYUKb|website=The Daily Star|accessdate=27 May 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://latinx.com/discover/aj-plus-the-palestinians-of-el-salvador/ |title=AJ Plus: The Palestinians of El Salvador |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191113091131/https://latinx.com/discover/aj-plus-the-palestinians-of-el-salvador/ |archive-date=13 November 2019 |url-status=dead |access-date=13 November 2019 }} }}</ref><ref>{{cite web
|url=https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-2004-03-21-0403210538-story,amp.html|title=El Salvador vote divides 2 Arab clans}}</ref>
| languages = [[ภาษาอาหรับ|อาหรับ]]
| rels = ส่วนใหญ่: [[ศาสนาอิสลาม]] <br />([[ซุนนี]]{{·}}[[ชีอะฮ์]]{{·}}[[ลัทธิศูฟี|ศูฟี]]{{·}}[[อิบาดี]]{{·}}[[อะละวี]])<br />ส่วนน้อย: [[ศาสนาคริสต์]] <br />([[คริสตจักรกรีกอออร์ทอดอกซ์|กรีกออร์ทอดอกซ์]]{{·}}[[คริสตจักรกรีกคาทอลิก|กรีกคาทอลิก]])<br />ส่วนน้อยมาก: กลุ่มศาสนาเอกเทวนิยมอื่น ๆ ([[ดรูซ]]{{·}} [[ศาสนายูดาห์]]{{·}} [[ศาสนาบาไฮ]])<br />เคยมี: [[ศาสนาในอาระเบียก่อนการมาของศาสนาอิสลาม|พหุเทวนิยมอาระเบียก่อนอิสลาม]]
| related = กลุ่มผู้พูด[[ตระกูลภาษาแอโฟรเอชีแอติก|ภาษาแอโฟรเอชีแอติก]] (เบอร์เบอร์) โดยเฉพาะ[[ชาวเซมิติก]] เช่น [[ชาวอัสซีเรีย]], [[ชาวยิว]], [[ชาวอัมฮารา]] และ[[ติกรายัน]]<ref name="evolutsioon">{{cite journal|pmid=15300852|url=http://evolutsioon.ut.ee/publications/Shen2004.pdf|year=2004|last1=Shen|first1=P|last2=Lavi|first2=T|last3=Kivisild|first3=T|last4=Chou|first4=V|last5=Sengun|first5=D|last6=Gefel|first6=D|last7=Shpirer|first7=I|last8=Woolf|first8=E|last9=Hillel|first9=J|title=Reconstruction of patrilineages and matrilineages of Samaritans and other Israeli populations from Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA sequence variation|volume=24|issue=3|pages=248–60|doi=10.1002/humu.20077|journal=Human Mutation}}</ref><ref name="evolutsioon" /><ref>{{cite news|title=Studies Show Jews' Genetic Similarity|first= Nicholas|last= Wade|date=9 June 2010|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/10/science/10jews.html?_r=0|work=New York Times}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|doi=10.1007/s004390000426|url=http://www.ucl.ac.uk/tcga/tcgapdf/Nebel-HG-00-IPArabs.pdf|title=High-resolution Y chromosome haplotypes of Israeli and Palestinian Arabs reveal geographic substructure and substantial overlap with haplotypes of Jews|year=2000|last1=Nebel|first1=Almut|last2=Filon|first2=Dvora|last3=Weiss|first3=Deborah A.|last4=Weale|first4=Michael|last5=Faerman|first5=Marina|last6=Oppenheim|first6=Ariella|last7=Thomas|first7=Mark G.|journal=Human Genetics|volume=107|issue=6|pages=630–41|pmid=11153918|s2cid=8136092}}</ref><ref name="sciencedaily">{{cite web|url=https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/05/000509003653.htm |title=Jews Are The Genetic Brothers Of Palestinians, Syrians, And Lebanese |publisher=Sciencedaily.com |date=9 May 2000 |access-date=12 April 2013}}</ref><ref name="Abraham 2010">{{cite journal|pmc=3032072|year=2010|last1=Atzmon|first1=G|last2=Hao|first2=L|last3=Pe'Er|first3=I|last4=Velez|first4=C|last5=Pearlman|first5=A|last6=Palamara|first6=PF|last7=Morrow|first7=B|last8=Friedman|first8=E|last9=Oddoux|first9=C|title=Abraham's Children in the Genome Era: Major Jewish Diaspora Populations Comprise Distinct Genetic Clusters with Shared Middle Eastern Ancestry|volume=86|issue=6|pages=850–59|doi=10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.04.015|journal=American Journal of Human Genetics|pmid=20560205}}</ref><ref name="Tadmouri2014"/>
| footnotes = {{smallsup|a}} ไม่ควรไปสับสนระหว่างกลุ่มชาติพันธุ์อาหรับกับไม่ใช่ชาติพันธุ์อาหรับที่อาศัยในโลกอาหรับ<ref name="Tadmouri2014"/><br />{{smallsup|b}} ใช่ว่าชาวอาหรับทุกคนเป็นมุสลิม และใช่ว่ามุสลิมทุกคนคือชาวอาหรับ เพราะชาวอาหรับสามารถนับถือศาสนาหรือไม่นับถือศาสนาใดก็ได้<br />{{smallsup|c}} [[อัตลักษณ์ของชาวอาหรับ]]ถูกกำหนดโดยไม่ขึ้นกับเอกลักษณ์ทางศาสนา
}}
|population = '''420-450 ล้านคน'''<ref>Margaret Kleffner Nydell [http://books.google.com/books?id=ZNoiieefqAcC&printsec Understanding Arabs: A Guide For Modern Times], Intercultural Press, 2005, ISBN 1931930252, page xxiii, 14</ref>
|region1 = {{flagcountry|Arab League}}
|pop1 = 400 ล้านคน<ref>total population 450 million, [[CIA Factbook]] estimates an Arab population of 450 million, see article text.</ref>
|region2 = {{flagcountry|Brazil|link=Brazilian Arabs}}
|pop2 = 10,000,000<ref name="saudiaramcoworld.com">http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200505/the.arabs.of.brazil.htm</ref>
|region3 = {{flagcountry|France}}
|pop3 = 5,880,000<ref name="economist.com">[http://www.economist.com/node/13377324 France's ethnic minorities: To count or not to count]. The Economist (2009-03-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.</ref>
|region4 = {{flagcountry|Indonesia}}
|pop4 = 5,000,000 (Arab ancestry)<ref name="Hadramaut dan Para Kapiten Arab">[http://alwishahab.wordpress.com/2009/08/20/hadramaut-dan-para-kapiten-arab/ Hadramaut dan Para Kapiten Arab]</ref>
|region5 = {{flagcountry|United States}}
|pop5 = 3,500,000<ref name="The Arab American Institute">{{cite web|url=http://www.aaiusa.org/arab-americans/22/demographics |title=The Arab American Institute |publisher=Aaiusa.org |accessdate=17 September 2011}}</ref>
|region7 = {{flagcountry|Sri Lanka}}
|pop7 = 1,870,000<ref name="statistics.gov.lk">{{cite web|title=A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012|url=http://www.statistics.gov.lk/PopHouSat/CPH2011/index.php?fileName=pop42&gp=Activities&tpl=3|work=Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka}}</ref>
|region8 = {{flagcountry|Israel}}
|pop8 = 1,658,000<ref name="ICBS2013">{{cite web |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/hodaot2013n/11_13_097e.pdf |title=65th Independence Day - More than 8 Million Residents in the State of Israel |publisher=[[Israel Central Bureau of Statistics]] |date=14 April 2013 |accessdate=12 February 2014}}</ref>
|region9 = {{flagcountry|Venezuela}}
|pop9 = 1,600,000<ref>http://www.syria-today.com/index.php/january-2009/105-society/375-suweida-sways-to-the-sound-of-salsa-</ref>
|region10 = {{flagcountry|Philippines}}
|pop10 = 1,554,006
|region11 = {{flagcountry|Spain}}
|pop11 = 1,468,000
|region12 = {{flagcountry|Italy}}
|pop12 = 1,300,500
|region13 = {{flagcountry|United Kingdom}}
|pop13 = 990,000
|region14 = {{flagcountry|Malaysia}}
|pop14 = 980,400
|region15 = {{flagcountry|Netherlands}}
|pop15 = 800,000
|region16 = {{flagcountry|Germany}}
|pop16 = 750,000
|region17 = {{flagcountry|Canada}}
|pop17 = 700,000
|region18 = {{flagcountry|Chile}}
|pop18 = 600,000
|region19 = {{flagcountry|Brunei}}
|pop19 = 420,550
|languages = [[ภาษาอาหรับ|อาหรับ]], [[Modern South Arabian]],<ref>[http://www.brillonline.nl/subscriber/entry?entry=islam_SIM-4477 Kister, M.J. "{{unicode|Ķuāḍa}}." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2008. Brill Online. 10 April 2008]: "The name is an early one and can be traced in fragments of the old Arab poetry. The tribes recorded as {{unicode|Ķuḍā'ī}} were: Kalb [q.v.], Djuhayna, Balī, Bahrā' [q.v.], Khawlān [q.v.], Mahra, Khushayn, Djarm, 'Udhra [q.v.], Balkayn [see al-Kayn ], Tanūkh [q.v.] and Salīh"</ref><ref>Serge D. Elie, [http://cy.revues.org/document186.html "Hadiboh: From Peripheral Village to Emerging City"], ''Chroniques Yéménites'': "In the middle, were the Arabs who originated from different parts of the mainland (e.g., prominent Mahrî tribes10, and individuals from Hadramawt, and Aden)". Footnote 10: "Their neighbors in the West scarcely regarded them as Arabs, though they themselves consider they are of the pure stock of Himyar."</ref> [[varieties of Arabic]], [[ภาษาฝรั่งเศส|ฝรั่งเศส]], [[ภาษาอังกฤษ|อังกฤษ]], [[ภาษาฮีบรู|ฮีบรู]]
|religions = [[อิสลาม]] (predominantly [[Sunni Islam|Sunni]], minority [[Shia Islam|Shia]]) with [[Christianity]] and other religions as minorities
|related = <!-- Please do not change this section without reaching a consensus. Jews, Assyrians etc. are already Semitic--> Other [[Semitic|Semitic peoples]] and various [[Afro-Asiatic languages|Afro-Asiatic peoples]]
}}
[[ไฟล์:Arab world.png|thumb|280px|กลุ่มประเทศอาหรับ]]
 
'''อาหรับ''' หรือ '''ชาวอาหรับ''' ({{lang-ar|<big>عربي</big>}}, ''ʿarabi'' พหูพจน์ <big>العرب</big> ''al-ʿarab'', {{lang-en|Arab}}) คือบุคคลกลุ่มบุคคลที่มีชาติพันธุ์ พูดภาษา หรือมีวัฒนธรรมที่เรียกว่า “อาหรับ”<ref>[http://lexicorient.com/cgi-bin/eo-direct.pl?hamas.htm Encyclopedia of the Orient]</ref><ref>Francis Mading Deng, ''War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in the Sudan '', Published 1995,
Brookings Institution Press, p. 405, via Google Books [http://books.google.com/books?id=iAPLHidx8MkC&pg=PA405&lpg=PA405&dq=definition+of+arabs&source=web&ots=H4z7bAsMBe&sig=6EMASoYXOzoWsTMBsAjDn1gucxg&hl=en]</ref>เป็นชนชาติหนึ่งที่อาศัยในบริเวณ[[คาบสมุทรอาหรับ]]ที่เป็นทะเลทราย รวมทั้งชนชาติที่พูดภาษาอาหรับในเอเชียตะวันตก และ[[แอฟริกาเหนือ]] ส่วนใหญ่นับถือ[[ศาสนาอิสลาม]] คำว่าอาหรับใน[[ตระกูลภาษาเซมิติก]]แปลว่า[[ทะเลทราย]]หรือผู้อาศัยอยู่ในทะเลทราย ส่วนใหญ่ดำรงชีพแบบเร่ร่อน จึงแปลคำว่าอาหรับว่าเร่ร่อนได้ด้วย
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