ผลต่างระหว่างรุ่นของ "การอับปางของเรืออาร์เอ็มเอสไททานิก"

 
=== การช่วยชีวิตและการออกเดินทาง ===
<!--[[File:Titanic lifeboat.jpg|thumb|Collapsibleเรือชูชีพพับได้ lifeboatดี D photographed from the deck ofถ่ายจากดาดฟ้าเรือ ''Carpathiaคาร์เพเทีย'' on the morning ofในตอนเช้าวันที่ 15 Aprilเมษายน 1912.|alt=Photograph of a lifeboat, filled with people wearing life jackets, being rowed towards the camera.]]
 
ผู้รอดชีวิตของเรือ ''Titanicไททานิก''{{'}}s survivors were rescued aroundได้รับการช่วยเหลือในเวลาประมาณ 04:00 onน. วันที่ 15 Aprilเมษายนโดย[[อาร์เอ็มเอส byคาร์เพเทีย]] theที่แล่นด้วยความเร็วเต็มที่มาตลอดคืนบนเส้นทางเสี่ยงอันตราย {{RMS|Carpathia}}, which had steamed through the night at high speed and at considerable risk, as the ship had to dodge numerous icebergs en route.ซึ่งเรือต้องเลี้ยวหลบภูเขาน้ำแข็งหลายลูกตลอดเส้นทางมายังจุดอับปาง{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|p=238}} แสงไฟจาก ''Carpathiaคาร์เพเทีย''{{'}}s lights were first spotted aroundถูกพบครั้งแรกราวเวลา 03:30, น.{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|p=238}} whichซึ่งสร้างกำลังใจให้ผู้รอดชีวิตเป็นอย่างมาก greatly cheered the survivors, though it took several more hours for everyone to be brought aboard.แม้ว่าจะต้องใช้เวลาอีกหลายชั่วโมงกว่าที่ทุกคนจะถูกพาขึ้นเรือ <!--The 30 or more men on collapsible B finally managed to board two other lifeboats, but one survivor died just before the transfer was made.{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|pp=240–41240–41}} Collapsible A was also in trouble and was now nearly awash; many of those aboard (maybe more than half) had died overnight.{{sfn|Butler|1998|p=140}} The remaining survivors&nbsp;– an unknown number of men, estimated to be between 10–1110–11 and more than 20, and one woman&nbsp;– were transferred from A into another lifeboat, leaving behind three bodies in the boat, which was left to drift away. It was recovered a month later by the White Star liner {{RMS|Oceanic|1899|6}} with the bodies still aboard.{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|pp=240–41240–41}}
 
Those on ''Carpathia'' were startled by the scene that greeted them as the sun rose: "fields of ice on which, like points on the landscape, rested innumerable pyramids of ice."{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|p=242}} Captain [[Arthur Rostron]] of ''Carpathia'' saw ice all around, including 20&nbsp;large bergs measuring up to {{convert|200|ft|m}} high and numerous smaller bergs, as well as ice floes and debris from ''Titanic''.{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|p=242}} It appeared to ''Carpathia''{{'}}s passengers that their ship was in the middle of a vast white plain of ice, studded with icebergs appearing like hills in the distance.{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|p=245}}
As the lifeboats were brought alongside ''Carpathia'', the survivors came aboard the ship by various means. Some were strong enough to climb up rope ladders; others were hoisted up in slings, and the children were hoisted in mail sacks.{{sfn|Butler|1998|p=154}} The last lifeboat to reach the ship was Lightoller's boat No.&nbsp;12, with 74&nbsp;people aboard a boat designed to carry 65. They were all on ''Carpathia'' by 09:00.{{sfn|Butler|1998|p=156}} There were some scenes of joy as families and friends were reunited, but in most cases hopes died as loved ones failed to reappear.{{sfn|Butler|1998|p=155}}
 
At 09:15, two more ships appeared on the scene&nbsp;– {{SS|Mount Temple||2}} and {{SS|Californian||2}}, which had finally learned of the disaster when her radio operator returned to duty&nbsp;– but by then there were no more survivors to rescue. ''Carpathia'' had been bound for Fiume, [[Austriaจักรวรรดิออสเตรีย-Hungaryฮังการี]] (now [[Rijekaรีเยกา]], Croatia), but as she had neither the stores nor the medical facilities to cater for the survivors, Rostron ordered that a course be calculated to return the ship to New York, where the survivors could be properly looked after.{{sfn|Butler|1998|p=156}} ''Carpathia'' departed the area, leaving the other ships to carry out a final, fruitless, two-hour search.{{sfn|Butler|1998|p=157}}{{sfn|Bartlett|2011|p=255}}-->
 
==การบาดเจ็บล้มตายและผู้รอดชีวิต==
9,287

การแก้ไข