ผลต่างระหว่างรุ่นของ "นิจนีนอฟโกรอด"

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{{Infobox Russian inhabited locality
|en_name=Nizhny Novgorod
|ru_name=Нижний Новгород
|loc_name1=
|loc_name2=
|loc_name3=
|loc_name4=
|loc_lang1=
|loc_lang2=
|loc_lang3=
|loc_lang4=
|other_name=Gorky (1932 - 1990)
|other_lang=
|image_skyline=Nizhny Novgorod Montage (2016).png
|image_caption='''Clockwise:''' [[Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin|The Kremlin]], Chkalov Stairs, Minin and Pozharsky Square, the State Bank, [[Nizhny Novgorod Fair|the Fair]], Saint Alexander Nevsky cathedral.
|latd=56
|latm=19
|lats=37
|longd=44
|longm=00
|longs=27
|map_label_position=
|image_flag=Flag of Nizhny Novgorod.svg{{!}}border
|flag_caption=
|image_coa=Coat of Arms of Nizhniy Novgorod.svg
|coa_caption=
|anthem=
|anthem_ref=
|holiday=12 June
|holiday_ref=<ref name="day">{{cite web|url=http://www.calend.ru/travel/1000/|title=Nizhny Novgorod|publisher=calend.ru|access-date=2016-08-15}}</ref>
<!----ADMINISTRATIVE STATUS---->
|federal_subject=[[Nizhny Novgorod Oblast]]
|federal_subject_ref=<ref name="Ref818" />
|adm_data_as_of=November 2011
|adm_city_jur=[[city of federal subject significance|city of oblast significance]] of Nizhny Novgorod
|adm_city_jur_ref=<ref name="Ref818" />
|adm_ctr_of1=Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
|adm_ctr_of1_ref=<ref name="Ref818" />
|adm_ctr_of2=city of oblast significance of Nizhny Novgorod
|adm_ctr_of2_ref=<ref name="Ref818" />
|inhabloc_cat=City
|inhabloc_cat_ref=<ref name="Ref818" />
|inhabloc_type=
|inhabloc_type_ref=
<!----MUNICIPAL STATUS---->
|mun_data_as_of=
|mun_district_jur=
|mun_district_jur_ref=
|urban_okrug_jur=Nizhny Novgorod Urban Okrug
|urban_okrug_jur_ref=<ref name="Ref825" />
|mun_admctr_of=Nizhny Novgorod Urban Okrug
|mun_admctr_of_ref=<ref name="Ref825"/>
|leader_title=Head
|leader_title_ref=<ref name="HeadTitle">Charter of Nizhny Novgorod, Article&nbsp;26.1.2</ref>
|leader_name=Ivan Karnilin
|leader_name_ref=<ref name="HeadName">Official website of Nizhny Novgorod. [http://www.admgor.nnov.ru/vlast/glava-goroda/] {{ru icon}}</ref>
|representative_body=[[City Duma of Nizhny Novgorod|City Duma]]
|representative_body_ref=<ref name="Legis">Charter of Nizhny Novgorod, Article&nbsp;26.1.1</ref>
<!----STATISTICS---->
|area_of_what=
|area_as_of=
|area_km2=460
|area_km2_ref=<ref name="AboutCity">Official website of Nizhny Novgorod. [http://www.admgor.nnov.ru/references/nn.html Overview of the city] {{ru icon}}</ref>
|pop_2010census=1250619
|pop_2010census_rank=5th
|pop_2010census_ref=<ref name="2010Census" />
|pop_density=
|pop_density_as_of=
|pop_density_ref=
|pop_latest=
|pop_latest_date=
|pop_latest_ref=
|license_plates=52, 152
<!----HISTORY---->
|established_date=1221
|established_title=
|established_date_ref=<ref name="found">{{cite web|url=http://www.nizhnynovgorod.com/welcome/history/|title=Founding of Nizhny Novgorod|publisher=nizhnynovgorod.com|access-date=2016-08-15}}</ref>
|current_cat_date=1221
|current_cat_date_ref=<ref name="found" />
|prev_name1=Nihny Novgorod
|prev_name1_date=1932
|prev_name1_ref=<ref name="gramota">{{cite web|url=http://www.gramota.ru/slovari/dic/?word=%CD%E8%E6%ED%E8%E9+%CD%EE%E2%E3%EE%F0%EE%E4&all=x|title=Orthographic dictionary|publisher=gramota.ru|access-date= 2008-09-18|archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/616c2uGdH|archive-date=2011-08-21}}</ref>
|prev_name2=Gorky
|prev_name2_date=1990
|prev_name2_ref=<ref name="gramota" />
|abolished_date=
|abolished_date_ref=
<!----MISCELLANEA---->
|postal_codes=603000-603999
|postal_codes_ref=
|dialing_codes=831
|dialing_codes_ref=<ref name="codes">{{cite web|url=http://adm.nnov.ru/en/contacts/|title=Contacts|publisher=adm.nnov.ru|access-date=2016-08-15}}</ref>
|website=http://adm.nnov.ru
|website_ref=
|date=August 2016
}}
[[File:Central Nizhny Novgorod.png|280px|thumb|Historic city center]]
 
'''นิจนีนอฟโกรอด''' ({{lang-rus|Нижний Новгород|a=|p=ˈnʲiʐnʲɪj ˈnovɡərət}}; {{lang-en|Nizhny Novgorod}}) เป็นเมืองใน[[ประเทศรัสเซีย]] มีประชากร 1,250,615 คน<ref name="2010Census">{{ru-pop-ref|2010Census}}</ref> เป็นเมืองใหญ่เป็นอันดับ 5 ของประเทศ เป็นเมืองหลวงของ[[นิจนีนอฟโกรอดโอบลาสต์]] ตั้งอยู่บนฝั่งด้านใต้ของ[[แม่น้ำวอลกา]] ตรงจุดบรรจบกับ[[แม่น้ำโอคา]]
29,809

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